Vaccinable Diseases for travellers

Vaccinable Diseases for travellers

RECOMMENDED IMMUNISABLE DISEASES FOR TRAVELLERS

CHOLERA Immunisation is neither required nor recommended. DIPHTHERIA We recommend the initial childhood series of vaccinations in the first five years of life, with booster doses at ages 11 years, 45 years, and 65 years. Travellers are recommended to have the vaccine 10 yearly esp. if travelling to developing countries, or where there may be a risk of contracting the disease. HEPATITIS ‘A’ This is the most vaccine preventable disease for travellers. Strongly recommended but not compulsory for travel to this area. Gammaglobulin is not recommended for travellers. HEPATITIS ‘B’ Immunisation is strongly recommended for travellers who will be in the area for 1 month or more. Transmission of Hepatitis B is through sex or contact with contaminated blood, needles and syringes. MENINGO-COCCAL MENINGITIS Risk is present. An outbreak of meningococcal meningitis began in Kampala in 1989 and extended to other provinces. Vaccination is advised, especially for those who expect close, and / or prolonged contact with the indigenous population. POLIO Adults who are travelling to areas where poliomyelitis cases are occurring, or where the contracting the disease is possible, and who have received a primary series with either IPV or OPV should receive another dose of IPV before departure. For adults, available data do not indicate the need for more than a single lifetime booster dose with IPV. . RABIES Immunisation is recommended for travellers who will be in rural or remote areas for 1 month or more at a time. TUBERCULOSIS (TB) Immunisation is not compulsory, and is not recommended for adults. Children should be immunised at any age. A skin test is available if immune status is in doubt. TETANUS We recommend the initial childhood series of vaccinations in the first five years of life, with booster doses at ages 11 years, 45 years, and 65 years. Travellers are recommended to have the vaccine 10 yearly esp. if travelling to developing countries, or where there may be a risk of contracting the disease. TYPHOID FEVER Immunisation is recommended. YELLOW FEVER A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travellers over 1 year of age coming from endemic areas ( see * below). * World Health Organization: The following countries and areas are regarded as Yellow Fever infected areas: Africa: Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan (south of 15°N), Togo, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia. America: Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela.

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